What Equipment Do You Need?
Beekeeping has become a common activity. Today, you can see several individuals manufacturing
their own versions of the traditional beehive. Although the approaches and structures may be different, the goal of
yielding honey and beeswax is still the same. You will need some tools and equipment to create the right combs and
beehive that will be right for the environment and safe for the bees living in it. Here are some tips and
Beekeepers have to wear a protective veil to ward bees away from their face and neck while working. They should
pick the full shoulder and head veils, zip-up veils and tie-down veil designs, depending on comfort and budget. You
can start searching in different stores and online to find the right style that you like.
Choosing the Gear and Smoker
You can choose between professional type smokers that emit enough smoke and work on several beehives each time.
There are cheaper and smaller smoker models that work very well for 5 to 6 hives. The smoker should have a
protective heat shield and leather billows. A hook where you can hang the smoker from is an added bonus.
Beginners are recommended to wear the full protective body suit, gloves and long sleeves. When your beekeeping
skills develop, you can stop wearing gloves. Working with your bare hands lets you have a better feel for the
temper of the bees at any time.
One very useful tool is a hook-ended material with a scraper on the opposite side. You should use the hook to
carry the frames out of the hive without having to reach in using your hand. Once the frame is taken out, the
scraper will be used to slowly scrape off dirt and other buildup and keep the beehive clean from parasites and
Honey trays and honey filters are used to collect the honey from the hive. You will need an uncapping knife to
take out the different chambers and wax sheets. Brushes and grippers will help refine your work for easier
If you happen to be a beginner who just began experimenting with bees, you have to get some books and journals
to track your progress. There are several instruction manuals on re-queening, colony defense and swarm control. If
you buy new equipment, you have to ensure that you only invest in the right source. There are different
manufacturers and retailers around so ask for catalogues and a product list to know all the details.
Familiarize yourself with the different honeybee pests and illnesses. You can invest in second-hand equipment,
as long as you check that these are safe to use. Beekeeping journals will help you in the methods and approaches.
Make sure that you include all the steps in installing the beehives, as well as properly collecting honey and
You have to be familiar with several other items when beekeeping. Some of these include the comb foundation
roller, hive tool, queen gate, queen excluder, grafting needle set, bee veil, single chamber beehive, uncapping
knife, sulphur dust, honey filter, brushes, hive stand, honey extractor, queen cage, queen cell protector, wax
sheets, frame gripper, pollen traps, honey tray, wasp trap and formic acid.
Building the Hive
You can create a top bar hive yourself. It is one of the cheapest and simplest hives available for beginners to
easily collect honey and advance in their skills. The top bar hive is characterized mainly by its top bar, unlike
other models that have side or bottom bars.
The parts of the hive include the bottom board which functions as an entrance for the bees, the brood box where
the queen bee lays eggs, the honey super where honey is stored, the frames and foundation made of plastic sheet and
a wooden frame where bees create wax honey combs and finally, the inner and outer cover.
The hives should have enough protection from wasps and other animals. Sulphur dust and smokers are used to drive
the bees out or even kill a few thousands when collecting the honey. Some structures require the entire hive to be
destroyed when collecting honey so protective gear helps keep aggressive worker bees away and keep you safe from