Although the environment is a very rewarding and adaptive form of matter there are instances
when man has to be very wary of the effects of his deeds on Mother Nature. Take for example the debilitating effect
that pesticides can bring about on other creatures present in the land ad forest industry. Let's take a close look
at how beekeeping can be put to a tragic halt by the toxicity and threat that comes with the pesticide package.
Basically the effect of pesticides on the buzzing wonders of pollination come in different shapes and sizes.
There are certain contact insecticides that are designed to instantly kill organisms on the moment of contact.
These insecticides are the common killers of worker bees. Moreover there are what is known as systemic insecticides
that are administered on plants which can readily contaminate nectar and pollen. Once the bees carry out their
pollinating duties they're dead.
In general wettable powders and dusts are more hazardous and dangerous to bees as compared to solutions and
emulsifiable concentrates. The danger and damage of pesticides to certain bee colonies is in accordance with the
degree of toxicity and its combination with the mode of application. Therefore even if a very potent insecticide is
placed to the soil surface it cannot affect bees but only insects that are said to be soil-dwelling such as mole
crickets and grubs.
There are current trends of publications concerning beekeepers in Canada stating that bees are falling victim to
the debilitating effects of nicotine-based pesticides. Owners of beekeeping establishments are blaming the
neonicotinoid pesticides. Additional testing procedures are suggested in order to shed light on the possible
relations of neonicotinoid imidacloprid and the Colony Collapse Disorder. The identified manifestations of CCD are
in correlation with that of imidacloprid. A good example is its noted effects on termites which include impairment
of the immune system and disorientation.
European nations are aware of the association of imidacloprid with the dying bee phenomenon and have focused on
measures to clarify the adverse affects of such insecticide on bees. There is a study known as Comite Scientifique
et Technique or CST which prompted the banning of the chemical in France where it is known as Gaucho mainly because
of its highly potential effects on honey bees. Its replacement which is called as fipronil, a phenylpyrazole
insecticide, was also partially prohibited in France in 2004 because of the observed toxic effects on bees.
The National Institute of Beekeeping in Bologna, Italy led a team of scientists to a discovery that involved the
identification of imidacloprid as a common pollen pollutant that can bring about the death of a colony. The
analysis involved sunflower and maize crops wherein pollinations of seeds contaminated with large doses of the
insecticide can be carried back by worker bees to the colony. The effects of the substance on honeybees constitute
their ability to maintain foraging and homing capacities.